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2015年英语专业八级考试改错题练习(3)

In 2009, Pfizer paid $301 million settle allegations by the Justice 1. ___________
Department that company representatives marketed Geodon dosage
for unapproved uses and encouraged doctors “to prescribe the drug at
substantially more higher than approved dosages.” 2. ___________
Like all psychotropic medications, Geodon has potential side effects,
as anxiety and weight gain, and far more seriously risks, including vision 3. ___________

problem. And Ms. Vargha’s sister was also taking four other psychotropic 4. ___________

drugs, each with their own potentially damaging consequences. 5. ___________
Ms. Vargha fought for years before her sister’s dosages were increased. 6. ___________

“Why on earth would we give psychotropic medications to a population that
are already vulnerable and struggling to use their brain?” she wrote in a letter 7. ___________
to the state this year. “Why do we want to numb and dumb them more?”
Three months ago, increasingly desperate, Ms. Vargha, 56, was 8. ___________
 removed her sister from the group home, and took her to her house.
When a reporter visited Ms. Vargha’s home recently, her sister was
disoriented and briefly mistook the reporter for an Iran policeman. At 9. ___________
night, she walks the hallways, speaking Persian.
“She’s getting better, she’s eating now a bit, but she doesn’t sleep,” Ms.
Vargha said. She hopes to get her sister back on her feet soon and move her
into a group apartment in Rochester.
“My sister came with so much hope to this country, America, the land
of freedom,” she said. “When she became a citizen, she put both arms up and said, ‘I love this country.’ ”
She added, “I want her to experience that she believed in.” 10. __________
答案与解析
1. 答案:∧settle — to
试题分析:本题为缺词错误 。
详细解答:pay some money和不定式to do搭配表示“为了做成某事而付钱”。

2. 答案:more — much或more — /
试题分析:本题为副词误用 。
详细解答:high是单音节形容词 ,不需要和副词more合用作为它 的比较级 ,仅用higher即可。如果需要修饰higher ,应该用副词much 。

3. 答案:seriously — serious
试题分析:本题为副词和形容词误用 。
详细解答:修饰名词risk不能用副词 ,而应该使用形容词serious ,表示“更大的威胁”。

4. 答案:problem — problems
试题分析:本题为名词误用 。
详细解答:problem表示“问题” ,是可数名词 ,句 中表示“各种眼疾”。

5. 答案:their — its
试题分析:本题为代词误用 。
详细解答:物主代词和句 中的each搭配使用 ,表示“每种药有各 自致命 的副作用” ,故使用its。

6. 答案:increased — reduced
试题分析:本题为逻辑错误 。
详细解答:根据上文的意思,该药虽然能治疗心理病,但是由于副作用较大 ,引发其他疾病,需要逐渐减少用药量,而不是增加,故用reduced符合原文 。

7. 答案:are — is
试题分析:本题为动词误用 。
详细解答:定语从句的先行词population作为集合名词,表示一类人 ,应该用单数谓语动词与之搭配。

8. 答案:was — /
试题分析:本题为语态误用 。
详细解答:Vargha女士在绝望之余只能把她的姐姐从医院带回家,作为施动者,不需要用被动态 。

9. 答案:Iran — Iranian
试题分析:本题为名词误用 。
详细解答:作为名词的前置定语 ,应该使用形容词形式Iranian,表示一个伊朗的警察 。

10. 答案:that — what
试题分析:本题为从句误用 。
详细解答:句中的experience不是名词而是动词,需用宾语从句而非定语从句,要用what作关系代词,表示她所相信的事情 。

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